The direction, brightness, and color of the lighting can have a dramatic effect on the appearance of your photos. The light will fall on the subject in a certain way, creating highlights and shadows which create contrast. You should avoid having the sun behind your subject because it can cause your subject to be too dark. Sunrise and sunset is commonly known as the “golden hour”. Since the sun is lower in the sky, it creates longer, softer shadows and adds warmth to your photos. The softest light occurs when the sun is covered by clouds because your camera will be able to pick up details that may have otherwise been covered by shadows. If you are taking pictures indoors try turning off the ceiling lights and using one or two lamps as the light source to reduce shadows. If you must use the flash, move your subject away from the wall to reduce dark shadows behind your subject.